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Why You Need to Know About Income Tax Acts 2023

  • HR Payroll Bangladesh
  • EOR

Understanding the Income Tax Act 2023 is crucial for both individuals and businesses, as these changes can significantly impact financial planning, budgeting, and overall tax liability.

These often include changes in tax brackets, rates, and deductions, which directly influence the amount of tax you owe. By staying updated, you can make informed decisions about deductions and credits, potentially reducing your tax liability and maximizing your refund.

Moreover, 2023 may alter the rules for specific types of income, such as investment or rental income. By understanding these changes, taxpayers can manage these income sources more effectively and avoid potential penalties or audits.

Yet another concern might be brought up, “How Will the 2023 Income Tax Acts Impact Business Taxation?”

Changes to the Income Tax Acts 2023 could significantly impact businesses by altering corporate tax rates, thus directly influencing profitability. Revisions to depreciation rules, expensing provisions, tax credits, investment strategies, and financial planning. Moreover, changes could influence how income for small businesses and pass-through entities is taxed, payroll tax requirements, and impacting employment costs.

Let’s examine it in further depth!

How Will the 2023 Income Tax Acts Impact Business Taxation?

Changes to the corporate tax rates, for instance, would directly impact business profitability. An increase in these rates would mean businesses owing more in taxes, reducing their net income. Conversely, a decrease in rates would allow businesses to retain more of their profits.

Changes to depreciation rules and expensing provisions could also significantly influence a business’s tax situation. Modifications allowing for faster depreciation or immediate expensing of capital investments could reduce taxable income in the near term, thus reducing a company’s tax liability.

Any alterations to tax credits could influence a company’s activities, particularly in areas like research and development, energy efficiency, or hiring. An expanded tax credit could make certain business activities more financially attractive.

For businesses with international operations, changes to how foreign income is taxed or how payments to foreign entities are treated could also have a substantial impact. Finally, adjustments to payroll tax requirements could affect the cost of hiring and maintaining employees.

What Is the Income Tax Acts on Businesses

The Income Tax Acts has a significant impact on businesses in several ways:

1. Corporate Tax Rates

The Act determines the rate at which a corporation’s profits are taxed. Changes to this rate can directly influence a business’s net profitability.

2. Capital Expenditures and Depreciation

The Act dictates how businesses can write off or depreciate capital expenditures over time. This can affect a business’s taxable income and, in turn, the amount of tax it owes.

3. Business Deductions and Credits

The Act provides for various deductions and credits that businesses can claim. These can include costs related to research and development, energy-efficient equipment, among others.

4. Treatment of Losses

The Act sets rules for how businesses can carry forward or carry back losses to offset taxable income in other years. This can be crucial for businesses that have fluctuating profits or that experience a downturn.

5. International Taxation

For businesses with international operations, the Act sets the rules for how foreign income is taxed and how taxes paid to foreign governments are credited or deducted.

6. Taxation of Different Business Structures

The Act also lays out different tax rules for different types of businesses, such as sole proprietorships, partnerships, corporations, and S corporations.

Income Tax Acts on Personal Property

The BD Income Tax Acts emphasize the taxation of income more than the focus on the ownership of personal property. However, there are some ways that personal property can affect or be affected by income taxes.

1. Capital Gains Tax

If you sell personal property for more than you paid for it, you may be subject to capital gains tax. This applies to many different types of property, including stocks, bonds, and real estate.

2. Depreciation

If you use personal property for business purposes, you may be able to depreciate its value over time and deduct that depreciation from your taxable income. The rules for this can be complex and depend on various factors.

3. Deductions and Credits

Some various deductions and credits relate to personal property. For example, you can deduct the interest you pay on a home mortgage or claim a tax credit for energy-efficient improvements to your home.

Inheritance and Estate Tax

The value of personal property can affect the amount of inheritance or estate tax owed when someone dies. The specifics of this can depend on various factors, including the total value of the estate and the relationship between the deceased.

What Is the Income Tax Rate in Bangladesh?

For Personal: 

Income Level (BDT) Tax Rate (%)
Up to 300,000 0 0
300,001 to 400,000 10%
400,001 to 500,000 15%
500,001 to 600,000 20%
600,001 to 3,000,000 25%
Over 3,000,000 30%

For Businesses:

Type of Company Standard Tax Rate
Publicly Traded Companies 25%
Non-Publicly Traded Companies 32%
Artificial entities 27%
Private educational institutions 15%
Association of Persons 27%

How is Tax Calculated in Bangladesh?

Salary Tax Calculation:

Here’s a step-by-step calculation example for an annual taxable income of BDT 500,000:

The taxable income is BDT 500,000.

The first BDT 300,000 falls within the 0% tax slab, so no tax is applicable for this portion.

The remaining BDT 200,000 falls within the 10% tax slab. Calculate the tax for this portion by multiplying it by the tax rate:

Tax = (BDT 200,000) x (10%) = BDT 20,000.

Sum up the taxes from each slab to calculate the total tax liability:

Total Tax Liability = Tax from 10% slab (BDT 20,000) + Tax from 0% slab (0) = BDT 20,000.

Corporate Tax Calculation:

To provide you with a mathematical calculation for corporate tax in Bangladesh, let’s assume a fictional corporate tax rate of 25%. Here’s an example of how to calculate corporate tax:

Determine the taxable income of the corporation. Let’s say it is BDT 1,000,000.

Apply the corporate tax rate of 25% to the taxable income:

Corporate Tax = Taxable Income x Tax Rate

Corporate Tax = BDT 1,000,000 x 25% = BDT 250,000

What Is the Minimum Salary to Pay Tax in Bangladesh

Income tax laws and regulations determine the minimum salary to pay tax in Bangladesh. Generally, individuals whose annual income exceeds the tax-exempt threshold are required to pay income tax.

In Bangladesh, the tax-exempt threshold may change from year to year, and it is typically set based on the minimum income level at which individuals become liable for taxation.

The tax-exempt threshold in Bangladesh has historically been set at around BDT 250,000 per year. Individuals with income above this threshold are typically required to pay tax based on the progressive tax rate system, with rates ranging from 0% to 30% depending on the income level.

What Is an Income Tax Return in Bangladesh 2023?

An income tax return in Bangladesh for the year 2023 is a formal document that individual taxpayers and businesses must file with the National Board of Revenue (NBR) to report their income, deductions, and tax liabilities for the specified tax year.

The income tax return contains extensive information on the taxpayer’s income from numerous sources, such as work, company profits, investments, and other revenues. It also allows taxpayers to claim eligible deductions and exemptions and determine their ultimate tax liability.

Filing an accurate and timely income tax return is critical for complying with tax regulations and paying tax obligations in Bangladesh. It is advisable to check with tax specialists or refer to the NBR’s official recommendations for the precise requirements and processes for income tax return filing in 2023.

What Is the Tax Penalty for Late Filing BD?

In Bangladesh, late filing of tax returns can result in penalties and consequences imposed by the tax authorities. The tax laws and regulations set by the National Board of Revenue (NBR) outline the specific penalty for late filing.

Taxpayers need to adhere to the designated deadlines for filing tax returns to avoid these penalties and ensure compliance with tax laws. The penalty for late filing might be a certain percentage of the tax liability, such as 5% per month of delay, up to a maximum specified limit.

For the most accurate and up-to-date information on penalties for late filing in Bangladesh, individuals and businesses should consult the official guidelines from the NBR or seek advice from a qualified tax professional.

What Is the Tax Punishment in Bangladesh?

In Bangladesh, tax punishment refers to the penalties and consequences imposed by the tax authorities for non-compliance with tax laws and regulations. The tax punishment system aims to enforce tax compliance, deter tax evasion, and ensure a fair and transparent tax system.

Tax penalties in Bangladesh vary based on the kind and severity of the infraction. They may include monetary penalties, fines, interest charges on unpaid taxes, bank account freezing, criminal prosecution, and, in severe situations, incarceration. 

Individuals and corporations must follow tax rules and complete their tax responsibilities in order to avoid potential tax penalties and preserve good standing with the IRS. Seeking tax expert assistance and avoiding the danger of tax penalties.


The Income Tax Act, as regulated by the Income Tax Ordinance, 1984, in Bangladesh, plays a vital role in the economic structure of the country. It is a significant source of governmental revenue, funding essential public services such as healthcare, education, and infrastructure.

However, complexities within the Act often lead to compliance challenges, and tax evasion remains a significant issue. Furthermore, a low tax-GDP ratio and a relatively small number of taxpayers in proportion to the population pose hurdles to maximizing the benefits of income tax. 

Therefore, a clear understanding and adherence to the Income Tax Acts are essential responsibilities for all eligible individuals and businesses in Bangladesh.


Who is required to pay income tax in Bangladesh?

Every person (individual, firm, company, etc.) who earns income above a certain threshold in a fiscal year is required to pay income tax in Bangladesh. Non-residents who earn income from Bangladesh are also required to pay taxes on their income.

How to file income tax returns in Bangladesh?

Income tax returns in Bangladesh can be filed either manually or electronically through the National Board of Revenue’s (NBR) online portal. The taxpayer needs to fill out the prescribed form (IT-11CHA for individuals) with details about their income, deductions, and tax paid.

What deductions and exemptions are allowed under the Income Tax Acts in Bangladesh?

Bangladesh’s Income Tax Act allows for a variety of deductions and exclusions. Allowances for investment in defined savings instruments, insurance premiums, contributions to retirement savings, and medical and educational expenditures are only a few examples.

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