Skip to content
payroll.com.bd-tax-return

Tax & Vat Rates of Bangladesh For The Year 2023-2024

The Value Added Tax (VAT) rates in Bangladesh for the year 2023-2024 remained unchanged from the previous year. The standard VAT rate in Bangladesh is 15%. 

This rate applies to most goods and services consumed within the country. However, there are some exceptions and reduced rates for specific categories of goods and services.

Certain essential items such as rice, wheat, and pulses are exempted from VAT to ensure their affordability and accessibility to the general public. Additionally, certain essential services like healthcare and education are also exempt from VAT.

For specific sectors and industries, reduced rates are applicable. For example, the pharmaceutical industry enjoys a reduced VAT rate of 5%. Similarly, the rate for the jute industry is 4%, while for the textile and garment sector, it is 7.5%.

Overall, the VAT rates in Bangladesh for the year 2023-2024 follow the standard rate of 15% for most goods and services, with exemptions and reduced rates for certain essential items and specific industries.

What Is The Tax Rate in BD?

The tax rate depends on the type of tax being imposed. There are several types of taxes levied by the government, including income tax, corporate tax, value-added tax (VAT), customs duties, and more. Here’s a brief overview of the tax rates in Bangladesh:

  1. Income Tax: The income tax rates in Bangladesh are progressive, meaning that they vary based on the income levels. For individuals, the tax rates for the assessment year 2023-2024 are as follows:
  2. Up to BDT 3,00,000: 0%
  3. BDT 3,00,001 to BDT 4,00,000: 5%
  4. BDT 4,00,001 to BDT 6,00,000: 10%
  5. BDT 6,00,001 to BDT 30,00,000: 15%
  6. BDT 30,00,001 and above: 25%

Different tax rates may apply for female taxpayers, senior citizens, and physically challenged individuals.

2. Corporate Tax: The corporate tax rate for regular companies in Bangladesh is 32.5%. However, for certain industries, including the manufacturing sector and certain export-oriented industries, a reduced rate of 25% may apply. The tax rate for publicly traded companies listed on the stock exchange is 25%.

3. Value Added Tax (VAT): The standard VAT rate in Bangladesh is 15%. This rate applies to most goods and services consumed within the country. However, certain essential items and services may be exempted or subject to reduced rates.

4. Customs Duties: Customs duties are imposed on imported goods and vary depending on the type of product and its classification under the Harmonized System (HS) code. The rates can range from 0% to higher percentages, depending on the nature of the imported item.

It’s important to note that tax rates and regulations are subject to change based on government policies and budgetary decisions. It is advisable to consult the latest official sources or seek professional advice to get the most accurate and up-to-date information on tax rates in Bangladesh.

What Is The Minimum Tax in Bangladesh?

The minimum tax requirements can vary based on different factors such as the type of taxpayer, income thresholds, and tax rates. The country has a progressive tax system, which means that individuals with higher incomes generally pay a higher percentage of tax on their earnings.

For individual taxpayers, the minimum tax rate is generally 5% for the first BDT (Bangladeshi Taka) 2,50,000 (2.5 lakh) of their income. However, individuals may also be subject to additional taxes depending on their income bracket.

For businesses, the minimum tax rate is usually based on a percentage of turnover or assets. Again, the specific rates may vary depending on the type of business and the relevant tax laws.

It’s important to note that tax laws and rates can change over time, so it’s recommended to consult with a qualified tax professional or refer to the latest information from the National Board of Revenue (NBR) or other relevant authorities in Bangladesh for the most accurate and up-to-date details regarding minimum tax requirements.

What You Need To Do To File Your Taxes In 2023

To file your taxes in 2023, there are several important steps you need to take. First, gather all the necessary documents and records, such as W-2 forms from your employer(s), 1099 forms for income from other sources, and receipts for deductible expenses. Make sure you have all the relevant financial information organized and ready.

Next, it’s crucial to understand the tax laws and regulations that apply to your situation. Tax laws can be complex and subject to change, so it’s advisable to consult with a tax professional or refer to the official tax authorities in your country for the most accurate and up-to-date information.

Determine your filing status, which could be single, married filing jointly, married filing separately, head of household, or qualifying widow(er) with dependent child. Your filing status affects your tax rates and eligibility for certain deductions and credits.

Choose a filing method that suits your preferences and circumstances. Electronic filing (e-filing) is often faster, more convenient, and reduces the risk of errors. Many countries provide online platforms or software options to facilitate electronic filing. Alternatively, you can file your taxes by mail, though it may take longer to process.

Calculate your total income for the tax year by adding up income from various sources, such as employment, self-employment, investments, rental properties, and any other applicable sources. Ensure that you report all income accurately to avoid potential penalties.

Who Is The Highest Tax Country?

Some countries known for having relatively high tax-to-GDP ratios include:

  1. Denmark: Denmark is often cited as having one of the highest tax-to-GDP ratios globally. The country has a comprehensive welfare state with high levels of public spending on healthcare, education, and social welfare programs.
  2. Sweden: Sweden is also known for its high tax-to-GDP ratio. The country’s tax system supports an extensive welfare state, providing universal health care, education, and social benefits.
  3. France: France is another country with a relatively high tax burden. The government collects substantial tax revenues to finance its social security system, public services, and infrastructure.
  4. Belgium: Belgium is often ranked among the countries with high tax-to-GDP ratios. It has progressive tax rates and a broad range of social security programs.

It’s important to note that tax policies and rankings can change over time. Different countries may have varying tax structures, including different types of taxes and rates. 

Additionally, the tax burden can vary depending on the level of economic development, social welfare systems, and other factors within a country.

For the most up-to-date and accurate information on the highest tax countries, it’s recommended to refer to recent reports or studies from reputable sources like international organizations, tax authorities, or economic research institutions.

Difference Between Tax And Vat

TaxVAT (Value Added Tax)
1. Mandatory financial charge imposed by the government on individuals, businesses, or entities to fund public expenditure1. Specific type of tax applied to the value added at each stage of production and distribution of goods and services
2. Can be imposed at different points in the economic cycle ( income tax, property tax, sales tax)2. Applied at each stage of the supply chain
3. Can be based on various factors ( income, property, goods, services, transactions)3. Based on the value added at each stage of production or distribution
4. Can be complex with rules, exemptions, and deductions4. Designed to be self-enforcing to a large extent; businesses collect and remit VAT on sales, claim credits for VAT paid on purchases
5. Income tax, property tax, sales tax5. VAT charged on goods and services

Earned Income Credit Taxes 2023 Table

The maximum Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) in 2023 for single and joint filers is $560 if the filer has no children (Table 5). The maximum credit is $3,995 for one child, $6,604 for two children, and $7,430 for three or more children.

Income Range Maximum EIC
$0 – $9,950 $6,728
$9,951 – $13,050$5,903
$13,051 – $17,650$5,059

New VAT rates on Budget 2023-24

The Bangladesh Division of Finance Act the 2023-2024 Budget and highlighted the Bill’s coverage-related provisions.  The coronavirus epidemic and other factors have changed the VAT rates. 

Measures consist of: 

  1. As part of the provision, the decreased VAT rate from 30% to 27.5% is available to both registered and unregistered businesses. 
  2. Allow new companies to start up and carry losses forward for at least nine years. 
  3. Impose a reduced VAT rate of 0.1% on new businesses. 
  4. For those who import raw materials to make steel goods, impose a reduced VAT rate of 3%
  5. Removal of the gold import advance tax
  6. Application for government security income revenues.
  7. Exempt from taxation until 2030 certain oceangoing boats’ foreign exchange earnings. 

Which Country Has The Lowest Tax?

Some countries often mentioned for having favorable tax regimes include:

  1. United Arab Emirates (UAE): The UAE is known for its low tax environment. It does not impose personal income tax on individuals and has no federal corporate income taxes 2023. However, there may be taxes at the emirate level, such as in Dubai or Abu Dhabi.
  2. Cayman Islands: The Cayman Islands is a popular offshore financial center that does not impose direct taxes on individuals or corporations, making it attractive for businesses and individuals seeking low-tax environments.
  3. Bahamas: The Bahamas has no income tax, capital gains tax, or corporate income tax for residents. The government primarily relies on indirect taxes, such as customs duties and stamp taxes.
  4. Bermuda: Bermuda is another jurisdiction known for its low-tax regime. There is no corporate income tax, capital gains tax, or personal income tax for residents. The government primarily relies on payroll taxes, customs duties, and other fees.

It’s important to note that while these countries may have low tax rates or specific tax advantages, they may have other costs of living, regulatory considerations, or economic factors to consider. 

Additionally, tax laws and regulations can change, so it’s advisable to consult with tax professionals or conduct thorough research to understand the specific tax implications and requirements in any given country.

Tax & Vat Calculator

To calculate the tax or VAT on a specific amount, you’ll need to know the tax rate or VAT rate applicable in your country or region. Once you have that information, you can use the following formulas:

1. Tax Calculation:

Tax Amount = Amount * (Tax Rate/100)

2. VAT Calculation:

VAT Amount = Amount * (VAT Rate/100)

To calculate the total amount including tax or VAT, you can use the following formula:

Total Amount = Amount + Tax Amount or VAT Amount

Let’s say you have an amount of $100 and a tax rate of 10%:

Tax Amount = $100 * (10/100) = $10

Total Amount including Tax = $100 + $10 = $110

Similarly, if you have an amount of $100 and a VAT rate of 15%:

VAT Amount = $100 * (15/100) = $15

Total Amount including VAT = $100 + $15 = $115

Tax & Vat Rate in Bangladesh

The tax and VAT rates in Bangladesh were as follows:

1. Income Tax:

For individuals, the income tax rates for the fiscal year 2022-2023 were as follows:

  1. For the first BDT 3,30,000: 0% tax
  2. From BDT 3,30,001 to BDT 4,80,000: 10% tax
  3. From BDT 4,80,001 to BDT 7,20,000: 15% tax
  4. From BDT 7,20,001 to BDT 12,00,000: 20% tax
  5. Above BDT 12,00,000: 25% tax

For companies, the corporate tax rate for the fiscal year 2022-2023 was generally 25% for publicly listed companies and 32.5% for non-publicly listed companies.

2. Value Added Tax (VAT):

  1. The standard VAT rate in Bangladesh is 15% for most goods and services.
  2. Some specific goods and services may have different VAT rates, such as 5%, 7.5%, or 10%.
  3. Additionally, some goods and services may be exempt from VAT or fall under zero-rated VAT.

It’s important to note that tax and VAT rates are subject to change, and the government may introduce amendments or updates to the rates and tax regulations. 

To obtain the most accurate and up-to-date information regarding tax and VAT rates in Bangladesh, it’s recommended to consult official sources such as the National Board of Revenue (NBR) or seek guidance from a qualified tax professional.

Child Tax Credit 2023 Income Limit

The specific income limits for the Child Tax Credit (CTC) in 2023 have not been officially announced by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). The income limits for the CTC can change each year, and the IRS typically provides updated information closer to the tax season.

To obtain the accurate and up-to-date income limit for the Child Tax Credit in 2023, I recommend referring to the official IRS publications, consulting a tax professional, or visiting the IRS website closer to the 2023 tax season. They will have the most reliable and current information regarding the income limits for claiming the Child Tax Credit in 2023.

Earned Income Tax Credit 2023

The EIC is typically subject to annual updates, and the income thresholds, credit amounts, and other eligibility criteria may change for each tax year.

To obtain the most accurate and up-to-date information about the Earned Income Credit for the tax year 2023, I recommend referring to the official IRS publications, consulting a tax professional, or visiting the IRS website closer to the 2023 tax season. 

The IRS will provide comprehensive guidelines and resources to help taxpayers understand their eligibility and calculate their Earned Income Credit for that specific year.

Can You Get Child Tax Credit If You Have No Income 2023

Tax laws and regulations can change, and it’s always a good idea to consult the official IRS resources or a tax professional for the most accurate and up-to-date information.

Under the current rules, if you have no earned income or your earned income is below the threshold for filing a tax return, you may not be eligible for the Child Tax Credit (CTC) as it is partially refundable only against earned income. The CTC is typically intended to provide a credit for taxpayers who have earned income and meet certain income requirements.

However, it’s important to note that there is a separate credit called the Additional Child Tax Credit (ACTC), which may be available to individuals who qualify for the Child Tax Credit but do not have sufficient earned income to fully utilize the credit. 

The ACTC is a refundable credit that can provide a refund even if you have no earned income. The specific eligibility requirements and calculations for the ACTC can vary, so it’s recommended to consult the official IRS resources or a tax professional for the most accurate information regarding your situation and the availability of the credits in the tax year 2023.

Taxes 2023 Deadline

The tax filing deadline for the tax year 2023 will depend on the specific tax laws and regulations that are in effect for that year. As of my knowledge cutoff in September 2021, I don’t have access to information regarding the tax deadlines for future years.

Traditionally, the tax filing deadline for most individuals in the United States falls on April 15th. However, this date can be adjusted if it falls on a weekend or holiday. 

It’s important to note that tax deadlines can be subject to change, and it’s always recommended to consult the official IRS resources or a tax professional for the most accurate and up-to-date information regarding tax deadlines for the tax year 2023.

As the year progresses, the IRS will release official announcements regarding the tax deadlines for the upcoming tax year. You can check the IRS website or subscribe to IRS news updates to stay informed about any changes or updates to the tax filing deadlines for the tax year 2023.

Vat Online Payment Procedure

The VAT (Value Added Tax) online payment procedure can vary depending on the country or jurisdiction you are operating in. However, I can provide you with a general outline of the typical steps involved in making a VAT online payment:

  1. Registration: Ensure that you are registered for VAT and have obtained the necessary VAT registration number or identification.
  2. Access the Online System: Visit the official website of the tax authority or revenue department responsible for VAT administration in your country. Look for the section related to VAT payments or online services.
  3. Login or Create an Account: If you already have an account, log in using your credentials. If not, you may need to create a new account by providing your business and personal details.
  4. Select VAT Payment: Once logged in, navigate to the VAT payment section or option within the online system.
  5. Provide Payment Details: Enter the required information, which may include your VAT registration number, period of VAT payment, amount to be paid, and any additional details specific to your VAT return or payment.
  6. Verify Information: Review the provided information to ensure accuracy and completeness. Double-check the payment amount and period to ensure they align with your VAT obligations.
  7. Choose Payment Method: Select the preferred payment method. Depending on the online system, you may have options such as credit/debit card, bank transfer, or electronic payment systems.
  8. Make the Payment: Follow the prompts to complete the payment process. Provide the necessary payment details, such as card information or bank account details, depending on the chosen payment method.
  9. Confirmation: Once the payment is processed successfully, you should receive a confirmation message or receipt. This confirmation serves as proof of payment, so it’s important to keep a copy for your records.
  10. Record Keeping: Maintain proper documentation of the VAT payment, including the confirmation receipt, for future reference and audit purposes.

The above steps provide a general guideline, and the specific process for VAT online payments may differ based on your location. 

It’s always advisable to consult the official guidance or reach out to the relevant tax authority for detailed instructions and any specific requirements related to VAT online payment in your country.

Guideline Of Vat Return Online BD

Here are the general steps involved:

  1. Registration: Ensure that you are registered for VAT in Bangladesh and have obtained a VAT registration number.
  2. Access the Online VAT Portal: Visit the official website of the National Board of Revenue (NBR) of Bangladesh at http://nbr.gov.bd. Look for the VAT online portal or e-filing section.
  3. Login or Create an Account: If you already have an account, log in using your credentials. If not, you may need to create a new account by providing your business and personal details.
  4. Select VAT Return: Once logged in, navigate to the VAT return filing section within the online portal.
  5. Choose Return Period: Select the relevant return period for which you want to file the VAT return. In Bangladesh, VAT returns are typically filed on a monthly basis.
  6. Enter Sales and Purchase Information: Provide details of your sales and purchases made during the return period. This includes invoices, receipts, and relevant supporting documents. Enter the necessary information accurately, including the VAT amount collected from sales and the VAT amount paid on purchases.
  7. Calculate VAT Liability: The online portal may automatically calculate your VAT liability based on the information you provided. Verify the calculated VAT liability and ensure it aligns with your records.
  8. Make Adjustments: If there are any adjustments or corrections needed, you may have the option to make adjustments within the online portal. Ensure that all necessary adjustments are accurately reflected.
  9. Review and Submit: Review the completed VAT return form, including the calculated VAT liability and any adjustments. Double-check all the entered information for accuracy and completeness. Once satisfied, submit the VAT return electronically through the online portal.
  10. Payment: After submitting the VAT return, the online portal may generate a VAT payment challan or voucher with the calculated VAT liability. Follow the instructions provided on the portal to make the payment, which can be done through designated banks or online payment methods.
  11. Confirmation: After making the payment, you should receive a confirmation of both the VAT return submission and the payment. Keep a copy of the confirmation for your records.
  12. Record Keeping: Maintain proper documentation of the VAT return, payment confirmation, and supporting documents for future reference and audit purposes.

It’s important to note that the specific VAT return filing process and requirements may be subject to updates and changes by the NBR. Therefore, it’s recommended to visit the official NBR website or consult with a tax professional for the most up-to-date and accurate guidelines for VAT return filing in Bangladesh.

Vat Return Submission Form

To assist you with submitting a VAT (Value Added Tax) return, I can provide you with a general overview of the process. However, please note that specific requirements and forms may vary depending on your country and jurisdiction. It is always recommended to consult with a tax professional or your local tax authority for accurate and up-to-date information.

Here is a general outline of the steps involved in submitting a VAT return:

  1. Obtain the appropriate VAT return form: Contact your tax authority or visit their website to obtain the necessary VAT return form. The form may be available in a physical format or as an online submission.
  2. Fill out the form: Provide the requested information on the VAT return form. This typically includes details about your business, such as your VAT registration number, business name, contact information, and reporting period.
  3. Calculate VAT amounts: Determine the VAT amounts you need to report on the form. This involves calculating the VAT you charged on sales (output tax) and the VAT you paid on purchases (input tax). The specific calculations may vary based on your jurisdiction’s VAT rules.
  4. Complete the form: Enter the VAT amounts in the appropriate sections of the VAT return form. Depending on your jurisdiction, you may need to provide additional details such as specific VAT rates, taxable supplies, exempt supplies, and any adjustments or corrections.
  5. Verify accuracy: Double-check all the information you entered on the form to ensure accuracy. Mistakes or omissions could lead to penalties or delays in processing your VAT return.
  6. Submit the form: Once you are satisfied with the information provided, submit the completed VAT return form to your tax authority. The submission process can vary.
  7. Vat Online Helpline
    The VAT Online Helpline is a valuable resource for businesses seeking assistance with their Value Added Tax (VAT) obligations. This dedicated platform serves as an online hub where taxpayers can access guidance, support, and information related to VAT matters.

The VAT Online Helpline offers a convenient and accessible channel for businesses to seek answers to their VAT-related queries. Whether you have questions about VAT registration, filing VAT returns, understanding VAT rates and exemptions, or any other aspect of VAT compliance, the helpline is there to assist you.

Conclusion

Tax and VAT rates in Bangladesh can vary depending on factors such as income level, type of taxpayer, and the specific goods or services involved. In September 2021, Bangladesh had progressive income tax rates for individuals, ranging from 0% to 25% based on income brackets. 

Corporate tax rates were generally 25% for publicly listed companies and 32.5% for non-publicly listed companies. The standard VAT rate in Bangladesh was 15% for most goods and services, with some exceptions and different rates for specific goods or services. 

It’s important to note that tax and VAT rates can change over time, so it’s advisable to consult the National Board of Revenue (NBR) or a tax professional for the most up-to-date and accurate information regarding TAX and VAT rates in Bangladesh.

FAQs

  1. What is the tax slab for Bangladesh 2023-24?
  1. up to BDT 350,000 – Nil. over BDT 350,000 up to 450,000 – 5% over BDT 450,000 up to 750,000 – 10% over BDT 750,000 up to 1,150,000 – 15%
  1. What is the difference between gross income and taxable income?
  1. Gross income refers to the total income earned before any deductions or exemptions. Taxable income, on the other hand, is the portion of the gross income that is subject to taxation after allowable deductions and exemptions are applied.
  1. What are tax deductions and exemptions?
  1. Tax deductions are expenses or allowances that can be subtracted from the gross income to reduce taxable income. Tax exemptions, on the other hand, are specific amounts or categories of income that are not subject to taxation.
  1. How often do I need to file my tax returns?
  1. The frequency of tax return filing depends on the tax regulations of each country. In many countries, individuals file tax returns annually, while businesses may have different filing frequencies such as quarterly or annually.
  1. Can I get a refund if I paid more tax than I owe?
  1. Yes, if you have paid more tax than your actual tax liability, you may be eligible for a tax refund. The process and eligibility criteria for tax refunds vary by jurisdiction.
  1. Are there penalties for not paying taxes or filing tax returns?
  1. Yes, there can be penalties for failure to pay taxes or file tax returns on time. Penalties may include fines, interest on unpaid taxes, and potential legal consequences. The specific penalties depend on the tax laws of each country.
error: